HILLER, FERDINAND

HILLER, FERDINAND (1811–1885), composer and conductor. Son of a Frankfurt merchant, Justus Hiller (originally Isaac Hildesheim), he studied in Weimar and went to Vienna in 1827. He visited Beethoven just before the latter's death. From 1828 to 1835 Hiller was a music teacher and successful pianist in Paris, and was the first to play Beethoven's "Emperor" concerto in that city. He subsequently converted to Christianity, held various positions in Germany and Italy, and was the friend of outstanding composers such as Schumann and Wagner. In 1850 he founded the Conservatory of Cologne, which he directed almost until his death. Hiller's oratorio Die Zerstoerung Jerusalems (1840) is considered his best composition. He also wrote the oratorio Saul (1853), cantatas, among them Rebecca, operas, symphonies, chamber and vocal music, and settings of the Psalms. Few of his works attained great success. He therefore devoted himself to conducting and to writing the lives of the Romantic composers of his generation, particularly Schumann, Mendelssohn, Chopin, Berlioz, Meyerbeer, and Liszt. His book on musical theory, first published in 1860, was reissued many times (26th edition, 1924). In 1849 he was elected a member of the Berlin Academy. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Sietz (ed.), Aus Ferdinand Hillers Briefwechsel (18261885), 5 vols. (1958–66); Baker's Biog Dict; Grove's Dict; Riemann-Gurlitt; MGG. (Josef Tal)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Hiller, Ferdinand — ▪ German conductor and composer born Oct. 24, 1811, Frankfurt am Main died May 10, 1885, Cologne       German conductor and composer whose memoirs, Aus dem Tonleben unserer Zeit (1867–76; “From the Musical Life of Our Time”), contain revealing… …   Universalium

  • Hiller, Ferdinand — (1811 85)    German composer. From 1828 to 1835 he was active as a music teacher and pianist in Paris. He subsequently converted to Christianity and held various positions in Germany and Italy. He founded the Conservatory of Cologne in 1850 which …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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  • Ferdinand Breunung — (* 1830 in Brotterode; † 1883 in Aachen) war ein deutscher Pianist und Organist sowie Dirigent und langjähriger Musikdirektor in Aachen. Leben und Wirken Der Sohn eines Lehrers und Organisten aus Brotterode lernte bereits von frühauf das Klavier… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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